Treatment of TMJ problems

Do you have a muscle tension headache that even after complicated diagnostic research and “traditional” treatment drugs do not fully resolved, difficult and painful mouth opening, a sense of crackling in your ears, teeth grinding (bruxism) and  similar.

Gnathology is the branch of dentistry that studies the relationship between the upper and lower jaw, contacts between the upper and lower teeth (bite), jaw joints, muscles that move the jaw and the nerves that control it.

Bruxism, or teeth grinding, is the most commonly observed form of disorders of the temporomandibular joint from the patient. Clenching teeth of the upper and lower jaw, which occurs mainly during sleep is accompanied by a squeaky sound for a few seconds. Generally, when the patient wakes up in the morning mainly feels no problems, except in cases of intense bruxism when can be felt painful sensations in the jaw and the temporomandibular joint.

However, clenching teeth can create damage to the chewing surfaces of the upper and lower teeth, and in most cases the dentist can be first to notice. During the time bruxism can lead to significant bruxism  changes in the teeth, pain in the temporomandibular joint, and if it persists may cause headaches or severe disorders of TMJ function.

Gnatology basic principles are:

  • Determining the relationship between the jaws (orthopedic physiological relationship)
  • Maintaining the correct balance after dental procedures in the mouth (new filling or a new prosthetic)
  • Establishment of a desirable relationship between the upper and lower jaws in all those cases in which gnathological system failed to adapt, which may lead to a condition of muscular tension  and disturbance of its function.


Gnathological therapy

Therapy is assessed individually after a detailed  gnathological analysis taking into account the history of the patient. It is aimed in the first phase of the prevention of pain, and then the correction of bite to the pain would not be repeated.

The treatment is done with splints that depending on the type of therapy, can be soft (silicone) or hard (acrylic). Usually in therapy splints get repeatedly corrected or the new one can be made.

Although each case gnathological therapy is for itself, years of dealing with the problems of the temporomandibular joint and a large number of positively solved cases allows us to claim that the average reduction in pain is expected after about ten days and serious improvements are visible after a month.