Prosthetics are divided into:
- fixed prosthetics (crowns, bridges)
- mobile prosthetics (partial and total prostheses, and prostheses on implants)
Restore the natural appearance of damaged teeth and their previous function with a prosthetic solution in the form of dental crowns. We use modern technology in their production, and our excellent diagnosticians and technicians will make sure that every patient returns a bright smile to their face with a top solution and the highest quality materials.
The preparation of the tooth for prosthetic replacement (grinding), and thus the guarantee of its durability, mostly depends on the expertise of the therapist. And our mr.sc. Ivana Ereš-Dugalija dr.med.dent. is among the leading experts in Croatia.
If you want to restore the natural appearance of damaged teeth and their previous function, do so with a prosthetic solution in the form of dental crowns.
The crown is a fixed prosthesis that is placed on natural teeth, and which replaces severely damaged and / or aesthetically unacceptable teeth.
Tooth loss can lead to pathological changes in the bite, displacement and tilting of the teeth, damage to the jaw joint, the development of periodontal disease and the development of new caries. It is for these reasons that artificial teeth are used.
The tooth to be upgraded must first be ground (adjusted) so that a crown can be placed on it. In our dental clinic we offer crowns made of the highest quality materials, which, in addition to their functional dimension, are also characterized by a high aesthetic level, which takes into account the different needs and wishes of the patient.
Types of Dental crowns
There are several materials for making dental crowns. Until recently, metal was the most commonly used basis for making crowns, but today metal-free lining (complete ceramics) is more common, ie E-max, Empress and zircon ceramics, which is the pinnacle of cosmetic dentistry because it allows a completely natural and transparent appearance of teeth upgrades.
The Ereš-Dugalija Dental Center uses two types of materials to make crowns, namely metal-ceramics and metal-free ceramics (zircon, emax and empress as the basis for the crown). Metal-free ceramic crowns are made with CAD-CAM computer technology that allows complete precision of teeth making for a dental technician, from aesthetics to functionality and bite and is therefore often recommended to patients, especially when talking about crowns on front teeth.
1. Ceramic crown on METAL constructions
Metal-ceramics are among the classic materials that satisfy the function and aesthetics of lateral tooth replacement. The base of the crown is made of metal that is completely covered with ceramics. The main advantage of metal-ceramic crowns is that the metal in the substrate gives a distinct strength.
Due to its reasonable price, but also excellent properties such as strength and durability and solid aesthetics, today the use of metal-ceramic crowns is still common in prosthetic rehabilitation, especially in the case of posterior teeth.
Despite the still frequent use, they are less and less used for front teeth due to the possibility of the appearance of a "black edge" due to the withdrawal of the gingiva.
2. Ceramic crown on ZIRCON construction
Zircon is the most modern material that is characterized by high strength and biocompatibility, and at the same time provides a natural appearance of teeth. In the desire to have teeth that look at all or barely different from natural ones, patients mostly look for metal-free restorations. Since the construction is white, the appearance of a "black edge" due to the withdrawal of the gums is impossible. They are used primarily on the front teeth, but also on the side teeth without restrictions.
Since mechanical resistance is achieved with a thickness of 0.4 mm, less grinding of the natural tooth is required before placing the crown.
EMAX ceramics have a strength three times greater than tooth enamel so the chances of cracking such ceramic crowns are minimal and they are often used in the back regions to control chewing movements. When attached to a tooth, the ceramic crown and the tooth form one body and cannot be separated.
Fully transparent and airy crowns allow you to get the perfect Hollywood smile. EMAX crowns are among the high-quality dental covers, they are also the most expensive, but the aesthetics achieved with them are immeasurable.
Before placing the crown, it is necessary to first grind the tooth to create a place for the crown.
After that, very precise impressions are taken, according to which crowns are made in our dental laboratory. Once the crown is done, it is cemented to the tooth.
Thanks to the state-of-the-art technology we have, it is possible to take a print, make and place a crown in just one visit.
In addition to the tooth, the crown is also placed on dental implants in order to completely replace the lost tooth in shape, size and strength, and restore functionality, a beautiful and harmonious smile. In addition to the most popular zircon ceramics, we also offer metal ceramics in our clinic.
The lack of one, two or more teeth can be compensated by a dental bridge consisting of dental crowns and missing teeth. Today, dental bridge is often the solution to fill gaps caused by lack of teeth, meet the functionality of natural teeth, and are also a long-term aesthetic solution.
Bridges connect interrupted tooth rows into one whole. If we do not fill in the gaps between the teeth, we risk the other teeth in the mouth starting to move, and this is just a step towards losing the proper bite and developing periodontitis.
Bridges can be realized using only ceramic crowns or in combination with implants. A crown or bridge on implants can be implanted in patients who have lost one, several or all of their teeth.
By installing 6-8 implants in one jaw, a fixed bridge can be made that will compensate for all the teeth in that jaw.
When a patient is missing a lot of teeth, one of the simplest therapies is a denture. Nowadays, dentures can achieve both functionality and a beautiful and natural look. There are several types and divisions of dentures, and they include partial and complete dentures.
A partial denture is used when a patient lacks a small number of teeth and they are then inserted among the existing teeth.
Total teeth denture
A total denture compensates for the lack of teeth in complete edentulousness. It is recommended only as an alternative cost-effective solution for toothless jaw repair when implant placement is not possible. The base is made of acrylate, and the teeth can be ceramic or acrylic. While the patient is waiting for his denture, he gets temporary teeth.
The purpose of the base is to distribute the chewing saliva that occurs when chewing on the mucosa and bone base. As the mucosa itself cannot withstand heavy loads, it is important that the base be as wide as possible so that the masticatory forces are distributed over as large an area as possible, making a safer and more comfortable bite achieved.
The upper base covers the entire palate, and the lower base has a horseshoe shape leaving free space for the tongue.
The prosthesis must lie well on its bearing in order for the prosthesis to be worn comfortably and to provide proper function. If there is an uneven retraction of the ridge after tooth loss, the ridge may become uneven and prevent the denture from adhering properly.
The bearing required for adequate adhesion of the prosthesis can also be achieved by surgical modeling of the ridge.
Dentures on implants
Dentures on implants are dentures that are attached to dental implants. Dental implants are placed in the jaw and special anchors are built on them, which later hold the denture.
The recommended number of implants in the upper jaw for making dentures are 4 implants, while in the lower jaw for sufficient stability it is necessary to install two, and for optimal stability 4 implants.
You can read more about prostheses on implants here: TYPES OF UPGRADES
You can find out about the prices of prosthetics in our price list